How to escape on Marine
Water risk may exist including travel by boat capsized, sinking, collision and fire etc.. The reason for the "Eastern Star" collapse accident is based on the information currently available, which is inseparable from the harsh water environment on that night. And the harsh aquatic environment, including typhoons, heavy fog, rainstorms, waves, tsunamis and so on, may cause serious accidents such as reef and overturn.
Make clear after boarding
Where is the safety equipment
Before taking a boat, we should understand the safety signs and safety facilities near the ship and the waters, learn how to use them, and use these knowledge and tools to help them escape when encountering a sudden danger.
The common safety equipment mainly includes two kinds of fire fighting and lifesaving. Fire fighting equipment includes fire extinguisher, sandbox, fireman equipment, fire bucket, safety helmet, fire rescue rope, and Safety axe, etc. the lifesaving equipment includes life ring, life jacket, life saving board and so on. Large ships will also be equipped with lifeboats, lifesaving rafts and other equipment.
After boarding, we should first familiarize ourselves with the ship's environment, understand the location of life vest, life buoy and fire fighting equipment, and record the location of safe escape passage. Among them, life jacket is the necessary life-saving equipment for every ship. It is necessary to learn to wear a life jacket. Once an accident occurs, a life jacket will be worn and the rescue probability will be increased after the accident.
Wear a life jacket when you are in danger
Don't jump into a dive
When a ship is in danger, the crew will quickly alert the ship to the whole ship. At this time, keep calm, quickly wear a life jacket, follow the command of the crew of the ship, move along the escape route in order, don't panic and don't get crowded. If we need to evacuate the ship, we should obey the command of the crew of the ship and organize the orderly sailing on the lifeboat (RAFT) instead of diving blindly.
Generally speaking, when a ship is in distress, if sinking quickly, relatively, diving is likely to survive. If the sinking is not so fast, the passengers who remain on the ship will persist until the end.
Keep away from the water as far as possible
When the ship is sinking and cannot reach the lifeboat or liferaft, it has to dive for survival while leaving the big ship. We should try to choose the location near the surface of the water. When diving, the left hand should firmly hold the right life jacket, clamp down the pull, the right hand close to the mouth and nose, feet close and stretch, the body is vertical, head upwards, feet down take-off. Look at the water and avoid floating objects on the surface of the water. At the same time, try to jump towards the wind and avoid the impact of floating objects after launching. Jump from the side of the ship as far as possible. If the hull is tilted on the left or right side, it should jump off the bow or stern.
Keep body temperature and physical strength
Reduce the aimless movement
After entering the water, it is necessary to free the hull, and the location in the water is far away from the wreck, so that the ship will sink and the vortex will be inhaled. Keep warm after falling into the water. If you wear a life jacket or a life preserver, you should take a posture of curling and bending your legs to reduce the loss of body heat. Unless the shore is near, or close to ships and other drowning persons, generally do not swim aimlessly to preserve physical strength.